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By Priya Kathpal

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition where women’s sex hormones namely estrogen and progesterone fall out of balance. The condition is marked by development of ovarian benign cysts, leading to underlying issues like fertility problems, irregular menses, change in appearance etc.
PCOS makes certain conditions more likely especially if obesity is also a factor –
Hypertension
Type 2 Diabetes
High Cholesterol/ Lipid abnormalities
Certain types of cancer (endometrial, breast)
Anxiety and depression
Sleep Apnea
These are just to name a few there are many other issues including complications during pregnancy that are likely to occur if a person is diagnosed with PCOS. The earlier the problem is diagnosed and treated lower the risk of these complications. Leading a healthy lifestyle and involvement in regular activity or exercise will help reduce the risk of some of these co morbidities.
Things that you can do to reduce the chances of complication development are –
1.Weight Management – being overweight or obese will make the case worse. So keep a check on weight and try to maintain a healthy BMI. Obesity with PCOS is related to increased risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk.
2.Regular Exercise – it will not only help you feel better but has many long term benefits including helping you get back to your normal menstrual cycle.
3.Dietary Management – Eating healthy will make sure you get all the required nutrients and will also help reduce depression. In a longer run it will maintain your insulin levels better reducing the risk of developing diabetes.
4.Lifestyle Modification – decreasing alcohol intake, trying to quit smoking and limiting caffeine intake will help you treat infertility much better.
5.Regular Check up – this helps you understand your body better and diagnose any kind of complications at an early stage leading to quicker response to treatment and control.
Remember PCOS is a multifaceted condition that requires a multidisciplinary approach for most favorable results. It is also significant to understand that it’s a syndrome and not a disease leading to manifold etiologies with much clinical expression. Therefore, consulting an expert and following a medical regime especially charted out for you along with the lifestyle changes is the first line of approach. Things will not change overnight depending upon the severity but over a period of time your body will react to the treatment positively and you will see yourself getting back to a normal.
Lastly, if medical nutrition therapy does not work a surgical procedure known as Ovarian Drilling may be opted for. Seek guidance and support at every step of your treatment and do not hesitate discuss any of your concerns with the medical team.

Image Credit – Flickr

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PCOS & Complications